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The Second Ottoman Empire

Although scholars have begun to revise the traditional view that the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries marked a decline in the fortunes of the Ottoman Empire Baki Tezcan's book proposes a radical new approach to this period While he concurs that decline did take place in certain areas he constructs a new framework by foregrounding. Can you guess who took the first stab at writing the first history of the world None other than the indefatigable Arab Ibn Khaldun who is considered the father of modern history His Muaddimah reads like a scientific study of past events and was followed by number of other Muslim historians clearly motivated by him Baki follows lost this tradition in Islamic cultures A tradition of critical analysing their own history I found his confrontational style very very satisfying indeed Why he asks is one regicide Britain considered as progress as another Ottoman Turkey as a sign of decline Indeed a most pertinent observation which must be pondered in detail unfortunately before history can be re written again For to take down existing opinions is far difficult than defining new ones Baki s attempt is most admirable but needs to be urgently repeated all over the world where orientalism has left a deep and ugly markWhile reading about the battle between Kanun and Sharia I had a fantastic revelation If Sharia was Allah s Kanun then surely it must include all of His creation which can only mean that the real and proper Sharia has to be His Laws of Nature For it is only the Laws of Nature which every created creature is bound to once created All other laws including the man s descriptions of Sharia are therefore redundant and obsolete as every kanun changes with change of the RulerThis book presents a brilliant analysis of the Ottoman history Who really controlled the infamous fracticides What attributes were reuired to remain a Sultan Who really called the shots the absolutists or the Constitutionalists Baki has provided compelling evidence to demonstrate how the power shifted from absolutism to constitutionalism after the Ottomans started to rely on Devshirme to run their huge state The infamous Harem instead of a degenerate sexpot of orgy was in effect an institution for producing and grooming future Sultans with the help of a very able class of civil servants supplied by Devshirme I have a clear image of an all powerful Ottoman royal family kept in constant check by the constitutional Janissaries making sure that every Sultan was able to tow the policy agreed by their selected viziers Small wonder that the Ottomans were able to rule such a huge kingdom for so longBaki details the first known regicide of Osman II and argues pretty convincingly that he was killed because he was openly trying to rebel against the constitutional vice made up of Janissaries as the mighty Ottoman army had become a financial hub rather than a fighting force Pretty much like the Turkish or Pakistani army of today Who says we can t learn anything from historyThe book also explains the social classes in the Empire with power in the hand of the Askeri class who owned 80% of the resources The devshirme were also converted from a once potent fighting force to financial ombudsmen collecting taxes and conducting various types of business The reasons of the demise of the Sultanate Well Baki argues that the Askeris did not take up Capitalism and Corporatism as vigorously as modernists in Britain for instance There was a different approach in land management as well rather than the popularly held view of loss of the vast tracts of land Again Baki takes a very apt analogy with Britain losing America only to rebound and take up India and vast straits of Africa through largely a policy of aggressive corporate trade policy which is still being followed generally There was also the absence of the bourgeois against Lords and Barons in the Sultanate which could be a significant factor in the loss of Ottoman prestige as the bourgeois was slow to take up the nationalism In the end I have come to a very valuable conclusion History should be written by a representative of the natives as well as outsiders leaving the readers to conclude for themselves

summary ò eBook or Kindle ePUB ´ Baki Tezcan

And that he sees as no less than the transformation of the patrimonial medieval dynastic institution into a fledgling limited monarchy The book is essentially a post revisionist history of the early modern Ottoman Empire that will make a major contribution not only to Ottoman scholarship but also to comparable trends in world histor. The book was so good it made me cry An extended review will follow Be on the look out

Baki Tezcan ´ 3 read & download

The proto democratization of the Ottoman polity in this era Focusing on the background and the aftermath of the regicide of Osman II he shows how the empire embarked on a period of seismic change in the political economic military and social spheres It is this period from roughly 1580 to 1826 that the author labels The Second Empire. Baki makes a convincing argument for a re periodization of Ottoman history into a Second Empire 1580 1826 characterized by a new monetary market economy deposition and regicide as proto democratic endeavors and the resuscitation of the janissaries as a socio political force The latter is the most interesting approach he brings to the table His economic arguments are a little dry and he tends to go off on wacky incredibly detailed tangents on coups but the book is solid If anything it should certainly spark some methodologicalconceptual debates here and there


4 thoughts on “The Second Ottoman Empire

  1. says:

    Can you guess who took the first stab at writing the first history of the world? None other than the indefatigable Arab Ibn Khaldun who is considered the father of modern history His Muaddimah reads like a scientific study of past events and

  2. says:

    Baki makes a convincing argument for a re periodization of Ottoman history into a Second Empire 1580 1826 characterized by a new monetary market economy deposition and regicide as proto democratic endeavors and the resuscitation of the janissaries as a socio political force The latter is the most interesting approach he brings to the table His economic arguments are a little dry and he tends to go off on wack

  3. says:

    The book was so good it made me cry An extended review will follow Be on the look out

  4. says:

    Contesting the dominant “rise and decline” narrative in the historiography of the Ottoman Empire Baki Tezcan in The Second Ottoman Empire argues that the pre Tanzimat era of Ottoman history should instead be divided into two different phases of empire one medieval and one pre modern By examining the factors that have been pro

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